Publications 1975 - 1999

 BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ORLAU PUBLICATIONS FROM 1975 TO DATE      

1974/75

 1.  ROSE, G. K. (1974).  Functional assessment of spina bifida for orthotic prescription and integrated surgical treatment. World Congress of ISPO at Montreaux.

 2.   ROSE, G. K. (1975). The design and mechanics of a below knee single lateral iron.  Keele Meeting of ISPO at Stoke-on- Trent.


1976

 3. ROSE, G. K. (1976). Training council for orthotists: England and Wales.  ISPO Bulletin No.19, July 1976.


1977

 4.  ROSE, G. K. (1977). Total functional assessment of orthosis.  Physiotherapy, Vol. 63, 3, 78.
                                                         
 5.  STALLARD, J. (1977). Mechanics allied to orthoses. Physiotherapy, Vol. 63, 3, 84.

 6.  DAVIES, J. B. (1977).  Use of heart rate in assessment of orthoses. Physiotherapy, Vol.63, 4, 112.

 7.  DAVIES, J. B., LUCAS, D., (1977). The Salop Skate. Physiotherapy, Vol. 63, 4, 115.

 8.  ROSE, G. K., STALLARD, J. and POINER, R. (1977). Accurate orthotic measurement of spina bifida patients. Journal of B.I.S.T., Vol. 1, 10, 21.

 9.  ROSE, G. K. (1977). Orthotic Research & Locomotor Assessment Unit, Demonstration Centres in Rehabilitation, Vol. 10.  This included a report from J. B. Davies on the ARJO Walking Aid.

10. ROSE, G. K. (1977). Orthotic Research & Locomotor Assessment Unit, Birmingham University Medical Bulletin.


1978

11.  ROSE, G. K. (1978). The training of orthotists. JBJS, 60B, No. 3. Aug. 1978. P. 306-307.

12. ROSE, G. K. (1978). Soft tissue and bony operations for pes cavus and planus.  Chapter in Operative Surgery - Orthopaedics.  Butterworth (to be published in 1979).

13.   STALLARD, J., ROSE, G. K., TAIT, J. H., DAVIES, J. B. (1978).  Assessment of orthoses by means of speed and heart rate.  Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 2, No. 1. 22-24.

14.  STALLARD, J., ROSE, G. K., FARMER, I. R. (1978).  The ORLAU Swivel Walker.  Prosthetics & Orthotics International, Vol. 2, No. 1,, 35-42.

15.  STALLARD, J., and ROSE, G. K. (1978).  The Salop Skate - an orthosis for improving 'drag-to' gait.  Orthotics and Prosthetics, Vol. 32, No. 3, 32-26.

16.  STALLARD, J., SANKARANKUTTY, M., and ROSE, G. K. (1978). Lower limb vertical ground reaction forces during crutch walking.  Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology, Vol. No. 4, 201-202.

17.  STALLARD, J., SANKARANKUTTY, M., ROSE, G. K. (1978).  A comparison of axilla, elbow and Canadian crutches. Rheumatology & Rehabilitation, Vol. 17. 237-239.


1979

18. ROSE, G. K., The principles and practice of hip guidance articulations.  Prosthetics and Orthotics International.  1979; 3: 37-43.

19.  SANKARANKUTTY, M., STALLARD, J. and ROSE, G. K. (1979). The relative efficiency of "swing through gait" on axillary, elbow and Canadian crutches compared to normal walking.  Journal of Biomedical Engineering, 1, (1) 55- 57.

20.  SANKARANKUTTY, M., ROSE, G. K. and STALLARD, J. (1979). The effect of orthotic treatment on the spina bifida patient. Spina Bifida Therapy 1 (4), 187-196.

21.  TAIT, J. H. and ROSE, G. K. (1979).  The real time video vector display of ground reaction forces during ambulation. Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology, 3 (5): 252-255.

22.  DOUNIS, E., STALLARD, J. and ROSE, G. K. (1979). Mechanical and functional elements of orthoses.  Acta Orthopedica Hellenica, 30(4), 692-707.  Athens (in Greek).

23.  DOUNIS, E., STALLARD, J. and ROSE, G. K. (1979).  The evaluation of orthoses for paraplegic myelomeningocele children by means of heart rate and walking speed.  Acta Orthopedica Hellenica, 30(4), 681-691.  Athens (in Greek).


1980

24.  STALLARD, J., DOUNIS, E., MAJOR R. E. and ROSE, G. K. (1980).  One leg swing through gait using two crutches: an analysis of the ground reaction forces and gait phases.  Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, 51, 71-77.

25.  STALLARD, J., ROSE, G. K.  Clinical decision making with the aid of ambulatory monitoring of heart rate. Prosthetics & Orthotics International, 4, 91-96.

26.  FARMER, I. R., POINER, R., ROSE, G. K., and STALLARD, J. Reciprocal Walker. Patent Specification No. 1 571 392, published 16th July 1980 (provisional patent filed 27th  April 1976, complete specification filed 1st February 1977).

27.  ROSE, G. K. (1980). Orthoses for the severely handicapped - rational or empirical choice? Physiotherapy 66 (3), 76- 81.

28.  DOUNIS, E., ROSE, G. K., WILSON, R. S. E., and STEVENTON, R.D. (1980). A comparison of efficiency of three types of crutches using oxygen consumption.  Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, 19, 252-255.

29.  WILSON, R. S. E., STEVENTON, R., DOUNIS, E., and ROSE, G. K. (1980). The effect of plaster of Paris bracing on one leg "swing-through" gait.  Greek Medical Journal 1, 70- 73.

30.  DOUNIS, E., STEVENTON, R. D., and WILSON, R. S. E. (1980). The use of a portable oxygen consumption meter (Oxylog) for assessing the efficiency of crutch walking. Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology, 4 (6), 296-298.

31.  STALLARD, J., TAIT, J. H. and ROSE, G. K. (1980). Video vector display of ground reaction forces during physical activity.   Proceedings of Special Conference, Human Locomotion I "Pathological Gait to the Elite Athlete". Canadian Society for Biomechanics, October 1980, 27-29.

In addition to the journal publications for 1980, Unit involvement with the following books occurred:-

32.  Classification of Orthoses.  Edited by Mr. G. K. Rose, F.R.C.S.  Published for the D.H.S.S. by Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

33.  Chapter on Orthoses.  Scientific Foundations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology.  Edited by R. Owen, J. Goodfellow, and P. Bullough.  Published for Heineman 1980.


1981

34.  MAJOR, R. E., STALLARD, J. and ROSE, G. K. (1981).  The dynamics of walking using the Hip Guidance Orthosis (hgo) with crutches.  Prosthetics & Orthotics International, 5 (1), 19-22.

35.  PATRICK, J. H. and GRINDLEY, D. N. (1981).  New oil- contrast media for small vessel lymphography.   Israel Journal of Medical Sciences, 17 (5), 375-378.

36.  PATRICK, J. H. and LEVACK, B. (1981).  A study of pressures beneath forearm plasters.  Injury: the British Journal of Accident Surgery, 13 (1), 37-41.

37.  PATRICK, J. H., BEM, J. L., ARONSTAM, A., and DARBY, S. C. (1981).  An examination of joint laxity in haemophilia. Injury: the British Journal of Accident Surgery, 13 (4), 337-342. 38.  ROSE, G. K. (1981).  The geriatric foot.  Geriatric Medicine, 11 (12).

39.  ROSE, G. K., STALLARD, J. and SANKARANKUTTY, M. (1981).  Clinical evaluation of spina bifida patients using Hip Guidance Orthosis.   Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 23, 30-40.

40.  STALLARD, J., ROSE, G. K. and FARMER, I. R. (1981).  The ORLAU Swivel Walker.  Biomedical Applications of Polymers, 11 (2), 1-4.

41.  STALLARD, J., MAJOR, R. E., and ROSE, G. K. (1981). Stripping polyimide resin (Trimel) enamel insulation from fine wire to produce electromyography electrodes. Journal of Biomedical Engineering, 3, 159-160.

42.  STALLARD, J., and ROSE, G. K. (1981).  Independence for adult paraplegics in swivel walkers.  Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology, 5 (3), 136-137.

43.  STALLARD, J. and ROSE, G. K. (1981).  The components of orthotic ambulation.  The Journal of the British Institute of Surgical Technologists, 1 (11), 44-52.

44.  STALLARD, J. (1981).  Walk On!  Nursing Mirror, 153 (16), xviii-xxii (Clinical Forum 10).

45.  PATRICK, J. H. (1981).  Intertrochanteric hip fracture treated by immediate mobilisation in a splint. Lancet, 1, 301-303.

BOOK:-

46.  ROSE, G. K. (1981).  Pes Planus.  Ed. M. H. Jahss. Disorders of the foot, 20, 486-520.  Publisher W. B. Saunders Company.


1982

47.  BUTLER, P., POINER, R., FARMER, I. R. and PATRICK, J. H. (1982).  Use of the ORLAU Swivel Walker for the severely handicapped patient.  Physiotherapy, 68 (10), 324-326.

48.  FARMER, I. R., POINER, R., ROSE, G. K., and PATRICK, J. H. (1982).  The Adult Swivel Walker - ambulation for paraplegic and tetraplegic patients.  Paraplegia 20 (4), 248-254.

49.  ROSE, G. K., BUTLER, P. and STALLARD, J. (1982).  Gait - principles, biomechanics and assessment.  ORLAU Publishing, Oswestry, England.  ISBN 0 9508297 0 6.

50.  STALLARD, J., BUTLER, P., PATRICK, J. H. and FARMER, I. R. (1982).  Improvements in the design of orthoses for paraplegia.   ISPO Newsletter 4, 8-11.

51.  SANKARANKUTTY, M. and STALLARD, J. (1982). Observations on the design of axillary crutches.  ISPO Newsheet 5, p.9.              

52.  STALLARD, J. and MAJOR, R. E. (1982).  Ambulatory orthoses for the high lesion paraplegia.  Proceedings -  Engineering in Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Princess Margaret Rose Hospital, 155-169.

53.  PATRICK, J. H. (1982).  An orthotic treatment of intertrochanteric hip fractures in the elderly. Proceedings - Engineering in Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Princess Margaret Rose Hospital.

54.  PATRICK, J. H. (1982).  The old woman with a broken hip (unsigned leader article).  Lancet 2, 21 Aug., 419-420.


1983

55.  BUTLER, P. B., EVANS, G. A., ROSE, G. K. and PATRICK, J. H. (1983).  A review of selected knee orthoses.  British Journal of Rheumatology, 22: 109-120.

56.  ROSE, G. K. (1983).  Clinical gait assessment: A personal view.  Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology, 7 (6): 273-279.

57.  ROSE, G. K., SANKARANKUTTY, M., and STALLARD, J. (1983). A clinical review of the orthotic treatment of myelomeningocele patients.  JBJS, 65-B(3): 242-246.

58.  ROSE, G. K. (1983).  Chapter - Orthotics - in Clinical Orthopaedics edited by Harris, N.H. Published by Wright PSG.


1984

 Cash's Textbook of Orthopaedics and Rheumatology for Physiotherapists (Editor Patricia A. Downie) published by Faber and Faber, included the following chapters by members of ORLAU staff:-

59.   Chapter 1:  The Mechanics of the Lower Limb Orthoses by J. Stallard.

60.   Chapter 2:  Biomechanics of Gait by G. K. Rose

61.   Chapter 3:  Applied Gait Assessment by P. Butler

62.   Chapter 4:  Footwear by G. K. Rose

63.   Chapter 6:  Principles of Orthopaedic Traction Systems by G. K. Rose and E.R.S. Ross.

64.   Chapter 7:  Foot and Knee Conditions by G. K. Rose.

65.  BUTLER, P. B., ENGLEBRECHT, M., MAJOR, R. E., TAIT, J. H. STALLARD, J., PATRICK, J. H. (1984).  Physiological cost index of walking for normal children and its use as an indicator of physical handicap.  Dev. Med. & Child Neurol. 26, 607-612.

66.  BUTLER, P. B., MAJOR, R. E., PATRICK, J. H. (1984).  The  technique of reciprocal walking using the hip guidance orthosis (hgo) with crutches.   Prosths. and Orthots. Int. 8, 33-38.

67.  MAJOR, R. E., PATRICK, J. H., STALLARD, J.  (1984). Exoskeletal splint for hip fractures.  Provisional Patent No. 8408262.

68.  STALLARD, J. (1984). The work of ORLAU.  Newsletter, Demonstration Centres in Rehabilitation, 33, 35-42 (Summer).

69. PATRICK, J. H. (1984). ORLAU takes a big step forward. Link: Journal for A.S.B.A.H., 91, March/April 1984, 16- 17.


1985

70.  MAJOR, R. E., STALLARD, J. (1985).  Structures and materials:  an introduction based on orthotics.   ORLAU Publishing ISBN  0  9508297 1 4

71.  FARMER, I. R., MAJOR, R. E. (1985).  Releasable fastening. British Provisional Patent, Application Number 8529294.

72.  PATRICK, J. H., McCLELLAND, M. R. (1985).  Low energy cost reciprocal walking for the adult paraplegic. Paraplegia 23, 113-117.

73.  STALLARD, J. (1985).  Hip guidance orthosis: low energy reciprocal ambulation for the paraplegic. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research.  8(3), 395-396.

74.  KHODADADEH, S., McCLELLAND, M. R., EDWARDS, R. H. T., STOKES, M., PATRICK, J. H., EVANS, G. A. (1985).  Gait analysis in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.  Clinical Science, 69, 84.

75.  ROSE, G. K., WELTON, E. A., MARSHALL, T. (1985).  The diagnosis of flat feet in the child.  JBJS, 67-B(1), 71- 78.

76.  PATRICK, J. H. (1985).  Editorial: Paraplegic walking. Lancet, December 14th, 1341-1342.

77. ROSE, G. K. (1985).  Medicine and the Media.  British Medical Journal, December 7th. Page 1636.


1986

78.  PATRICK, J. H. (1986).  Developmental research in paraplegic walking. British Medical Journal, 22nd March 1986, 292, 788.

79.  CLIQUET, A., NENE A., BARNET, R., ANDREWS, B. J. (1986). FES augmentation of reciprocating HKAFO and KAFO braces. Proceedings of the 2nd Vienna International Workshop on Functional Electro-Stimulation, 83-86.

79A PATRICK, J and EDWARDS, D.  Stepping out in style.  Clinical Notebook, Therapy Weekly, September 4 1986; 4.

80.  HEATLEY, F. W., ALLEN, P. R., PATRICK, J. H. (1986). Tibial tubercle advancement for anterior knee pain:  a temporary or permanent solution.  Clinical Orthopaedics, 208, 215-224.

81.  KHODADADEH, S., McCLELLAND, M. R., PATRICK, J. H., EDWARDS, R. H. T., EVANS, G.A.  (1986).  Knee moments in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.   Lancet.  6 Sept., 544-545.

82.  McCLELLAND, M. R. (1986). Measurement - The need for comparability.  Proceedings of the Topical Workshop "Restoration of Walking for Paralysed Persons", Oswestry, 26-27 March 1985.  EEC, COMAC, BME, Ed. G. K. Rose, 43- 45.

83.  NENE, A., ANDREWS, B. J. (1986).  An assessment of the Parawalker hybrid orthosis.  Proceedings of the 2nd Vienna International Workshop on Functional Electrostimulation, 79- 82.

84.  ROSE, G. K. (1986).  Orthotics:  Principles & Practice. Book published by William Heinemann Medical Books, London. ISBN 0-433-28280-0.

85.  ROSE, G. K.  (1986).  Basic principles of ambulation. Proceedings of the Topical Workshop "Restoration of Walking for Paralysed Persons", Oswestry, 26-27 March 1985.  EEC, COMAC, BME, Ed. G. K. Rose. 1-6.

86.  STALLARD, J. (1986).  Mechanical walking aids. Proceedings of the Topical Workshop "Restoration of Walking for Paralysed Persons", Oswestry 26 - 27 March 1985.  EEC, COMAC, BME, Ed. G. K. Rose, 7-12.

87.  STALLARD, J., FARMER, I. R., POINER, R., MAJOR, R. E., ROSE, G. K. (1986).  Engineering design considerations of the ORLAU Swivel Walker.  Engineering in Medicine, 15 (1), 3-8.

88.  STALLARD, J., MAJOR, R. E., POINER, R., FARMER, I.R., JONES, N. (1986).  Engineering design considerations of the ORLAU Parawalker and FES hybrid system.   Engineering in Medicine, 15 (3), 123-129.


1987

89.  BUTLER, P. B., and MAJOR, R. E. (1987). The Parawalker: a rational approach to the provision of reciprocal ambulation for paraplegic patients.  Physiotherapy, August 1987, Vol. 73, No. 8, 393-397.

90.  EISENSTEIN, S. M., KHODADADEH, S., and PATRICK, J. H. (1987).  Gait analysis in chronic low back pain. Proceedings of the Gait Analysis and Medical Photogrammetry Conference, Oxford, 1st - 3rd April 1987, 61-62.

91.  KHODADADEH, S., and WELTON, E. A. (1987).  An interesting gait laboratory finding in the ankle moments in some flat feet.  Proceedings of the Gait Analysis and Medical Photogrammetry Conference, Oxford, 1st - 3rd April 1987, 22- 23.

92.  KHODADADEH, S., McCLELLAND, M. R., PATRICK, J. H., STOKES, M., and EDWARDS, R. H. T. (1987).  Gait parameters in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.  Proceedings of the Gait Analysis and Medical Photogrammetry Conference, Oxford 1st - 3rd April 1987, Page 60.

93.  KHODADADEH, S., McCLELLAND, M. R., PATRICK, J. H. (1987). Force plate studies of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Engineering in Medicine, 1987, 177-178.

94.  KHODADADEH, S., McCLELLAND, M., NENE, A., and PATRICK, J. H. (1987).  The use of double support time for monitoring the gait of muscular dystrophy patients. Clinical Biomechanics 1987, 2: 68-70.

95.  MAJOR, R. E., and BUTLER, P. B. (1987).   Gait assessment and clinical decision taking.   Proceedings of the Gait Analysis and Medical Photogrammetry Conference, Oxford, 1st - 3rd April 1987, 52-53.

96.  McCLELLAND, M. R., KHODADADEH, S., and PATRICK, J. H. (1987).  Visualisation of the ground reaction vector in Muscular Dystrophy.  Proceedings of the Gait Analysis and Medical Photogrammetry Conference, Oxford 1st - 3rd April 1987, Page 45.

97.  McCLELLAND, M. R., ANDREWS, B. J., PATRICK, J. H., FREEMAN, P. A., EL MASRI, W. S.  (1987).  Augmentation of the Oswestry Parawalker by means of surface electrical stimulation:  gait analysis of three patients. Paraplegia 25, 1987, 32-38.

98.  NENE, A. V. and MAJOR, R. E. (1987). Dynamics of reciprocal gait of adult paraplegics using the Parawalker (hip guidance orthosis).  Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 1987, 11, 124-127.

99.  STALLARD, J. (1987).  The ORLAU Parawalker and FES hybrid systems.  Proceedings of the Topical Workshop "Restoration of Walking Aided by Functional Electrical Stimulation", Enschede, 8-9 April 1987.  EEC, COMAC, BME. Ed. Jan Van Alste, 117-120.

100.  STALLARD, J. (1987).   A review of the fundamental problems of providing ambulation for paraplegic patients. Proceedings of the Topical Workshop "Restoration of Walking Aided by Functional Electrical Stimulation", Enschede, 8-9 April 1987. EEC, COMAC, BME.  Ed. Jan Van Alste, 121-122.

101.  STALLARD, J. (1987).  Assessment of the mechanical function of orthoses by force vector visualisation. Physiotherapy, August 1987, Vol. 73, No. 8, 398-402.

102.  WATKINS, E. M., EDWARDS, D. E. and PATRICK, J. H. (1987). Parawalker paraplegic walking.  Physiotherapy, February 1987, Vol. 73, No. 2, 99-100.


1988

103.  BUTLER, P. B., MAJOR, R. E., STALLARD, J. (1988). Orthopaedic device for the treatment of contractures. British Patent Application No. 8806803. 22 March.

104.  KHODADADEH, S., EISENSTEIN, S., SUMMERS, B., PATRICK, J. H. (1988). Gait asymmetry in patients with chronic low back pain. Neuro Orthopedics, 6, 24-27.

105.  JENNINGS, S. J., NENE, A. V., PATRICK, J. H. (1988). Paraplegic locomotion using a hybrid orthosis: mechanical and functional electrical stimulation of gluteal muscles with implanted electrodes.  In "Electrophysiological Kinesiology: Proceedings of the 7th Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology, Enschede, Netherlands, 1988", Excerpta Medica, eds. Wallinga, W., Boom, H. B. K., de Vries, J., 171-174.

106.  KHODADADEH, S. (1988).  Vector (butterfly) diagrams for osteoarthritic gait.  Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 1, (January/February 1988), 15-19.

107.  KHODADADEH, S. (1988).  Legendre polynomial coefficients in the analysis of the horizontal and lateral component of the force plate measurement for an osteoarthritic gait.  Clinical Biomechanics 1988, 3: 219-221.

108.  KHODADADEH, S. (1988).  Statistical analysis of osteoarthritic gait.  Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, January 1988; 92-95.

109.  KHODADADEH, S. (1988).  Body weight from gait recordings. Innovation Technology Biological Medicine, Vol 9, No. 1, 1988; 86-91.

110.  MOORE, P.  (1988).  The Parawalker - walking for thoracic level paraplegics.  Physiotherapy Practice, 1988; 4: 18- 22.

111.  PATRICK, J. H.  (1988).  Walking rehabilitation possibilities in the ORLAU Parawalker.  Clinical Rehabilitation.  2: 333-337.

112.  PATRICK, J. H., BERTRAM, J., HALLETT, J. P., SCALES, J. T., WHEBLE, V. H. Technical report:  retrieval and examination of orthopaedic implants. Clinical Materials, 1988; 3: 89-94.

113.  PATRICK, J. Personal view:  A surgical thought on disaster relief.  BMJ, 19 November 1988;  297: 1349.

114.  STALLARD, J.  Walking tall to independence. Medical Horizons, 1988;  1(4), 11.

115.  STALLARD, J. Walking for paraplegic patients: present practice and future trends.  Orthopaedic Product News. Oct/Nov 1988; ISSN 0954/4755, 22-23.

115B  SUMMERS, B.N., McCLELLAND M.R., EL MASRI W.S.  A clinical review of the adult hip guidance orthosis (Parawalker) in Traumatic Paraplegics.  Paraplegia, 1988; 26: 19-26


1989

116.  STALLARD, J., MAJOR, R. E. M. and PATRICK, J. H. A review of the fundamental design problems of providing ambulation for paraplegic patients.  Paraplegia, 1989; 27, 70- 75.

117.  PATRICK, J. H.  Emergency Medicine - Enabling surgeons to preserve life and limb.  Middle East Health, March 1989;  22-24.

118.  NENE, A.V., and PATRICK, J. H.  Energy cost of paraplegic locomotion with the ORLAU Parawalker.  Paraplegia, 1989; 27, 5-18.

119.  NENE, A. V., and JENNINGS, S. J.  Hybrid paraplegic locomotion with the Parawalker using intramuscular stimulation:  a single subject study.  Paraplegia, 1989; 27, 125-132.

120.  PATRICK, J. H.  Cerebral Palsy Diplegia - improvements for walking.  Leader Article BMJ, 4 November 1989; 1115.

121.  FARMER, I. R., HODNETT, C., JONES, N.J., MAJOR, R.E., MOORE, M., POINER, R., ROBERTS, D., STALLARD J.  Interchangeable Orthopaedic Device.  British Patent Application No. 8918186.  9 August 1989.

122.  JENNINGS, S.J.  Wire-free Switch System for Electrostimulation in Paraplegic Locomotion.  Proceedings of 3rd Vienna International Workshop on Functional Electrostimulation, 1989; 327-330.

123.  NENE, A. V. An Assessment of the ORLAU Parawalker - Electrical Stimulation Hybrid Orthosis.  Proceedings of 11th Annual International Conference of IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.  November 1989.  Seattle, U.S.A.

124.  PATRICK, J. H.  Revolution in Healing.  Far East Health.  23rd November 1989.

125.  BEGG, R.K., WYTCH, R., MAJOR, R.E. Instrumentation used in clinical gait studies: a review. J. Med. Eng. Technol, 1989; 13: 290-295.


1990

126.  BAR-ON, Z.H., NENE, A.V. Relationship between heart rate and oxygen uptake in thoracic level paraplegics. Paraplegia, 1990; 28: 87-95.

127.  NENE, A. V., PATRICK, J. H.  Energy cost of paraplegic locomotion using the Parawalker-electrical stimulation "hybrid" orthosis.  Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil, February 1990; Vol 71:  116-120.
 
128.  STALLARD, J. Reciprocal walking for paraplegic patients with complete lesions between L1 and T4. The Journal of the British Institute of Surgical Technologists. Vol.2. April 1990; No.17. 11-12.        

129.  MOORE, P., MAJOR, R.E., STALLARD, John, BUTLER, Penelope B.  Contracture Correction Device for Arthrogryposis.  Physiotherapy, May 1990, Vol 76, No.5, 303.

130.  MAJOR, Richard E.  Some aspects of wheel geometry relating to manually propelled wheelchairs.  Physiotherapy, October 1990, Vol 76, No.10, 663-665.

132.  PATRICK, J.H., NENE, A.V., EVANS G.A.E.  A directly beneficial result of laboratory movement analysis techniques in the regaining of knee motion in cerebral palsy diplegia patients.  Abstracts of the Proceedings of the CAMARC Meeting, Rome, November 29-30 1990; 9-10.

133.  PATRICK, J.  Orthoses for shoulder disabilities.  In: WATSON, Michael S., Ed.  Surgical disorders of the shoulder.  London: Churchill Livingstone, 1990: 597-604.

134. THOMPSON, N. and PATRICK, J. H.  Ambulation for cerebral palsy from the Orthotic Research and Locomotor Assessment Unit, Oswestry.  Physiotherapy, 1990; Vol.76: Part 9: 583.

135. MEADOWS, C. B., STALLARD, J., WRIGHT, D., GORDON, L., MAJOR, R.E. and JONES, N.  The Edinburgh-ORLAU prosthetic system to provide reciprocal locomotion in children and adults with complete transverse lower limb deficiency.  Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 1990; 14: 111-16.


1991

135. PATRICK, John.  Gait laboratory investigations to assist decision making.  British Journal of Hospital Medicine, Vol 45, January 1991; 35-37.

136. BUTLER, Penelope B., NENE, Anand V.  The Biomechamics of fixed ankle foot orthoses and their potential in the management of Cerebral Palsied children.  Physiotherapy, February 1991; Vol.77: No.2, 81-88.

137. MAJOR, R.E. and BUTLER, P.B. Instantaneous supported mass effect (ISME): an alternative to centre of mass in discussion of the human structure.  Clinical Rehabilitation 1991; 5: 87-88.

138.  PATRICK, J. H.  Use of movement analysis in understanding gait abnormalities in cerebral palsy.  Archives of Disease in Childhood, 1991; 66: 900-903.

139. MOORE, P., STALLARD, J.  A clinical review of adult paraplegic patients with complete lesions using the ORLAU Parawalker.  Paraplegia 29:(1991) 191-96.

140. STALLARD, J., MAJOR, R. E., BUTLER, P.  The orthotic ambulation performance of paraplegic myelomeningocele children using the ORLAU Parawalker treatment system.  Clinical Rehabilitation.  1991; 5: 23-26.

141. VAISHYA R and PATRICK JH.  Isolated dorsal fracture- dislocation of the tarsal navicular.  Injury. 1991; 22(1): 47-48.

142.  RAO SB and PATRICK J.  Isolated fracture-dislocation of the proximal radius.  A previously undescribed injury.  Injury (1991) Vol 22(6): 484-485.

143. BUTLER PB, NENE AV and MAJOR RE.  Biomechanics of transfer from sitting to the standing position in some neuromuscular diseases.  Physiotherapy, 1991; Vol 77(8): 521-525.

144. PATRICK JH.  Movement analysis improves diagnostic ability.  Medical Audit News. November 1991; Vol 1(6): 91.


1992

145. BUTLER PB and MAJOR RE.  The learning of motor control: biomechanical considerations. Physiotherapy, 1992; Vol 78(1): Scholarly Paper 1-6. 

146. NENE AV, JENNINGS SJ.  Physiological Cost Index of paraplegic locomotion using the ORLAU Parawalker.  Paraplegia 1992; 30: 246-252.

147. STALLARD J, HENSHAW J H, LOMAS B and POINER R.  The ORLAU VCG (variable centre of gravity) swivel walker for muscular dystrophy patients.  Prosthetics and Orthotics International 1992; 16: 46-48.

148. STALLARD J.  Clinical experience with the Hip Guidance Orthosis ORLAU Parawalker treatment system.  Orthopadie Technik.  May 1992; 384-386.

149. BUTLER PB, THOMPSON N, MAJOR RE.  Improvement in walking performance of children with Cerebral Palsy: preliminary results.  Dev Med Child Neurol, 1992; 34: 567-576.

150. FARMER SE.  Letter to the Editor.  Association of Paediatric Chartered Physiotherapists' Newsletter, May 1992; 32-33.

151. BUTLER Penelope B and MAJOR Richard E.  Biomechanics of postural control and derived management principles.  Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. 1992; 8: 183-184.

152. STALLARD J.  The relative energy cost of paraplegic ambulation.  In: COMAC BME: Restoration of walking for paraplegics.  1992; 135-137.

153. PATRICK JH. Biomechanics of gait. In: Tidswell Marian E. ed. Cash's Textbook of Orthopaedics and Rheumatology for Physiotherapists. 2nd Edition. London: Mosby-Year Book Europe Ltd., 1992; 25-38.

154. PATRICK JH. Biomechanics of shoulder movement. In: Tidswell Marian E. ed. Cash's Textbook of Orthopaedics and Rheumatology for Physiotherapists. 2nd Edition. London: Mosby-Year Book Europe Ltd., 1992; 354-363.

155. STALLARD J.  The mechanics of lower limb orthoses.  In: Tidswell, Marian E. ed. Cash's Textbook of Orthopaedics and Rheumatology for Physiotherapists.  2nd Edition.  London: Mosby-Year Book Europe Ltd., 1992; 1-24.

156. MAJOR RE, BUTLER PB.  A new description of gait determinants (Abstr 93). European Federation for Research and Rehabilitation, Abstracts.  Clin. Rehab. 1992; 6(Suppl), 52.


1993

157. KHODADADEH S.  Energy methods for the clinical monitoring of pathological gait.  Gait and Posture. 1993; 1: 23-25.

158. NENE A.V., EVANS G.A., PATRICK J.H.  Simultaneous multiple operations for spastic diplegia.  Outcome and functional assessment of walking in 18 patients.  J Bone Joint Surg. (Br) 1993; 75B: 488-94.

159. STALLARD, J. The supply of swivel walkers to muscular dystrophy patients.  Association of Paediatric Chartered Physiotherapists Newsletter. May 1993. 14-18. 

160. STALLARD, J.  Clinical experience with the ORLAU Parawalker treatment system.  Journ Orthotics and Prosthetics. l993; 1: 19-21.

161. STALLARD, J. and MAJOR, R.E.  The case for lateral stiffness in walking orthoses for paraplegic patients.  Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine.   Proc Instn Mech Engrs 1993; Vol 207: 1-6.

162. FERRARIN, M., STALLARD, J., PALMIERI, R., PEDOTTI, A.  Estimation of deformation in a walking orthosis for paraplegic patients.  Clin Biomech 1993; 8: 255-261.

163. STALLARD, J. and MAJOR, R.E.  Assessing personal injury.   Personal Injury Supplement, Solicitors Journal 10.9.93.  Vol. 137:  10. 

164. KHODADADEH S, EISENSTEIN S.  Gait analysis of patients with low back pain before and after surgery.   Spine.  September 1993; Vol 18: No.11, 1451-1455.

165. NENE A.V.  Physiological cost index of walking in able- bodied adolescents and adults.  Clin Rehab 1993; 7: 319-326.

166. FARMER IR, HODNET C, JONES NJ, MAJOR RE, MOORE M, POINER R, ROBERTS D and STALLARD J.   (1993).  Orthotic device.  UK Patent No. GB.2 235 012B.

167. FARMER IF, FARMER SE, MAJOR RE.  A simple orthotic latch mechanism for use with torsional devices.  Journ Orthots and Prosthets, 1993; 1:1 49-52.

168. KHODADADEH S, WELTON EA.  Gait studies of patients with flat feet.  The Foot, 1993; 3: 189-93.

169. KHODADADEH S.  Energy methods for the clinical monitoring of pathological gait.  Gait and Posture, 1993; 1:No.1, 1-3.


1994

170. KHODADADEH S.  Calculation of gait parameters direct from force plate readings.  J Med Eng Technol, 1994; Vol 18, No.1: 22-8.

171. BUTLER PB, MAJOR RE.  Abstract: An appraisal of movement analysis techniques from a clinical standpoint.  Proceedings of the second annual conference of the European Society of Movement Analysis in Children, Exeter, UK, 29-30 October 1993; Gait & Posture, 1994; 2: 33-4.

172. ORLAU.  Medicine.  Aircraft technology bridges traditional boundaries at Oswestry Hospital in the design of walking supports for paraplegics.  'Contact' - News from TWI, 1994; Video No.21

173. PATRICK J.  An introduction to Gait Analysis in Diplegic Cerebral Palsy.  The Video Journal of Orthopaedics, July 1994; Vol.1: No.3.

174. FARMER SE, BUTLER PB.  Abstract: Conservative treatment of crouch gait.   Proceedings of the second annual conference of the European Society of Movement Analysis in Children, Exeter, UK, 29-30 October 1993; Gait & Posture, 1994; 2: 41- 2.

175. PATRICK JH.  Editorial: Physiological costs of reciprocal gait in FES assisted walking.  Paraplegia, 1994; 32: 641.

176. PATRICK J H.  Orthoses used in Athetosis.  British Association of Bobath Trained Therapists, Newsletter, Spring 1994; No.18: 1-2.

177. STALLARD J. (1994)  The effectiveness of FES in hybrid walking systems.  Proceedings of the EC RAFT Concerted Action Workshop, Milan, December 1993.

178. STALLARD J. (1994)  The ORLAU Parawalker - Clinical Experience.  Proceedings of the First International Conference of the Saudi Benevolent Society for Handicapped Children, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 7-10 November 1992.

178B PREISLER Benedict and STALLARD J. (1994).  Early ambulation in Spina Bifida Children.  Proceedings of the First International Conference of the Saudi Benevolent Society for Handicapped Children, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 7-10 November 1992.

179. STALLARD J. (1994) Clinical Experience in Rehabilitation using the ORLAU Video Vector Generator.  Proceedings of Biokinetika '94 (Biokinetische Verfarhren und ihre praktische Anwendung in Diagnostik und Therapie), Ludenscheid, Germany, 24-25 September 1994, 18-22.

179b Baggerman K, Fuller P, Gonzalez Abascal J, Magnusson L E, Martin MK (Rapporteur), Rabischong P, Spaepen A, Stallard J (Chairman), Vayas C.  An evaluation of the Pilot Action of TIDE.  ISBN 92-827-4162-1.  European Commission, Luxembourg.
 

1995

180. MAJOR Richard E and BUTLER Penelope B.  Discussion of segmental stability with implications for motor learning.  Clinical Rehabilitation, 1995; 9: 167-72.

181 STALLARD J, MAJOR RE.  The influence of orthosis stiffness on paraplegic ambulation and its implications for functional electrical stimulation (FES) walking systems.  Prosthetics & Orthotics International, 1995: 19; 108-114.

182. STALLARD J, MAJOR RE, PATRICK, JH.  The Use of the Orthotic Research and Locomotor Assessment Unit (ORLAU) ParaWalker by Adult Myelomeningocele Patients: A Seven Year Retrospective Study - Preliminary Results.  Eur J Pediatr Surg 5, Suppl I (1995) 24-26.

183. MAJOR R E.  Current Orthotic Practice in Relation to the Improvement of Gait Efficiency.  In:  Report of International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics Consensus Conference on The Lower Limb Management of Cerebral Palsy held at Duke University, Durham, N. Carolina 10-12 Nov 1994, pp. 175-180.

184. PATRICK, J H, CAMORIANO, R (1995).  Gait Analysis Applications for Diagnosis and Therapy.  ‘Gaslini’ (Istituto Giannina Gaslini), 27: 313-9.


1996

185. Patrick, J.H.  A British Bracing System for Successful Paraplegic Walking:  The Orthosis and its “Hybrid Development”.  JCRPO Journal Vol. 2, No. 2, 1996.

186. Stallard J, Major, R.E., Farmer, S.E.  The Potential for Ambulation by Severely Handicapped Cerebral Palsy Patients.  Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 1996, 20, 122-128.

187. Stallard, J.  Reciprocal Walking Orthoses for Paraplegic Patients.  British Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 1996, 3: 8.

188. Stallard, J.  Mechanical Orthoses and FES for Patients with Complete Thoracic Lesions.  In:  Pedotti A, et al (eds).  Neuroprosthetics from Basic Research to Clinical Applications (a final book of the EC Biomed -1 Concerted Action: Restoration of Muscle Activity Through FES and Associated Technology (RAFT)), 1996, pp 503-512.

189. Patrick, J. H.  Techniques of Psoas Tenotomy and Rectus Femoris Transfer..  “New” Operations for Cerebral Palsy Diplegia – A Description.  J Pediatr Orthop Part B, Vol 5, No. 4, 1996, pp 242-246.

190. Patrick, J. H.  Orthopaedic Assessment of Gait Disorders.  In:  Bronstein/Brandt/Woollacott, eds Clinical Aspects of Balance and Related Gait Disorders.  London: Edward Arnold.  1996.  ISBN 0340 601 450.


1997

191. Major RE, Stallard J, Farmer SE.  A review of 42 patients of 16 years and over using the ORLAU ParaWalker.  Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 1997; 21, 147-152.

192. Butler PB, Farmer SE, Major RE.  Improvement in gait parameters following late intervention in traumatic brain injury: a long term follow up report of a single case.  Clinical Rehabilitation 1997; 11: 220-226.

193. Jones, K.  The Grain Store Analogy.  Explaining rehabilitation theory to neurologically impaired patients and their families.  Physiotherapy, November 1997, Vol 83, No. 11, pp 575-577.

194. Patrick, JH. Abstract:  Assessment of Ambulatory Potential in Children with Cerebral Palsy.  International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Children, 12-14 September 1996, Dublin, Ireland.  Gait & Posture 5 (1997), 76-77.

195. Stewart C, Jones K, Postans N, James I, Forward M.  Abstract:  Standardisation of Marker Placement in 3 Dimensional Movement Analysis.  International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Children, 12-14 September 1996, Dublin, Ireland.  Gait & Posture 5 (1997), 84.

196. Robert AP, Stewart C, Forward MJ, Farmer SE, Patrick JH.  Abstract:  A Practical Application of Transverse Plane Data in 3 Dimensional Movement Analysis.  International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Children, 12-14 September 1996, Dublin, Ireland.  Gait & Posture 5 (1997), 263.


1998

197. Development of Proximal Femoral Morphology.  Dawson T, Stewart C, Crompton R H and Patrick J H.  Abstract: International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Adults and Children, September 24-26, 1998, Belfast, Northern Ireland.  Gait & Posture 8 (1998), 63.

198. Hip Flexor Muscle Function (J H Patrick and K Naito).  Abstract:  International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Adults and Children, September 24-26, 1998, Belfast, Northern Ireland.  Gait & Posture 8 (1998), 64.

199. Measurement Parameters for the Knee – What Works Best? (A Roberts and C Stewart).  Abstract:  International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Adults and Children, September 24-26, 1998, Belfast, Northern Ireland.  Gait & Posture 8 (1998), 67.

200 A Preliminary Investigation of Gait Termination Parameters as a Measure of Postural Control (S E Farmer, C Stewart, M Forward).  Abstract:  International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Adults and Children, September 24-26, 1998, Belfast, Northern Ireland.  Gait & Posture 8 (1998), 67-68.

201 A study of the effect of cyproheptadine on gait in hemiplegic children.  S Khodadadeh, H Holstein, S Purushothaman, J Patrick.  Gait and Posture 8 (1998), 205-213.

202 A review of reciprocal walking systems for paraplegic patients:  factors affecting choice and economic justification.  J Stallard and R E Major.  Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 1998, 22, 240-247.

203 Mechanics of Lower Limb Orthoses.  J Stallard and R E Major.  Chapter in: ‘Orthopaedic Physiotherapy’.  Ed. Marian Tidswell.  Mosby International Limited, 1998.  ISBN 0 7234 2592 2.  Chapter 3, pp 29-45.

204 Advanced materials for orthotic devices:  feasibility study.  Stallard J, Woollam P J.  Proceedings of TWI Seminar ‘Joining Technology for Medical Devices and Equipment’, 7 April 1998, Abington.


1999

205 Partial Lipodystrophy Presenting with Myopathy.  Cole G.  Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 1999, 31: 127-131.

206 Use of a Gas Spring Contracture Correction Orthosis for the Management of a Fixed Flexion Contracture of the Elbow.  Keeping P and Major R.  Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 1999, 23, 82-84.  Based on work conducted while Richard Major was Senior Bioengineer in ORLAU and Paul Keeping was Director of Orthotics at Oswestry.

207 Targeted Training for Crouch Posture in Cerebral Palsy: a Case Report.  Farmer SE, Butler PB and Major RE.  Physiotherapy, 1999, 85, 4, 240-245.

208 Feasibility Study on a Composite Material Construction Technique for Highly Stressed Components in Reciprocal Walking Orthoses for Paraplegic Patients.  Woollam PJ, Dominy J, McCleod N, Stallard J and Major RE.  Proc Instn Mech Engrs Vol 213 Part H, 355-360.

209 Patterns of Behaviour of the Rectus Femoris Muscle in Cerebral Palsy Diplegia.  Caroline Stewart, Sybil Farmer, Malcolm Forward, John Patrick.  Abstract:  International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Adults and Children (ESMAC), September 23-25 1999, Heidelberg, Germany.  Gait & Posture, 10:1, September 1999 (ISBN 0966-6362), p 60.

210 Repeatablity and Variability of Energy Cost Measurements.  Frank S Plasschaert, Paul A Matthews, Malcolm J Forward.  Abstract:  International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Adults and Children (ESMAC), September 23-25 1999, Heidelberg, Germany.  Gait & Posture, 10:1, September 1999 (ISBN 0966-6362), p 71.

211 Measurement of Muscle Length from Computer Models – The Example of the Rectus Femoris in the Sagittal Plane.  Tanya Dawson and Caroline Stewart.  Abstract:  International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Adults and Children (ESMAC), September 23-25 1999, Heidelberg, Germany.  Gait & Posture, 10:1, September 1999 (ISBN 0966-6362), p 84.

212 Correction of Gait Abnormalities in Children with Cerebral Palsy using Functional Electrical Stimulation: a Pilot Study.  N Postans, I James, M H Granat, M Forward.  Abstract:  International Meeting of the European Society for Movement Analysis in Adults and Children (ESMAC), September 23-25 1999, Heidelberg, Germany.  Gait & Posture, 10:1, September 1999 (ISBN 0966-6362), p 88.

213 Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970:  Report of Research and Development Work on Equipment for Disabled People 1997.  Eds. J Stallard and K Edwards.  Department of Health April 1999.   ISBN:  184182187.

214 Preliminary Clinical Experience of a Contracture Correction Device.  Charlton P, Ferguson D, Peacock C, Stallard J.  Prosthetics & Orthotics International 1999, 23, (2), 163-168.